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History of Scarborough

History of Scarborough
  • population: 50,135
  • phone code: 01723
  • postcode area: YO11-YO13
  • county: North Yorkshire
  • twin Towns: Osterode am Harz, Germany - Cahir, Republic of Ireland

Scarborough is a town located on the North Sea coast of North Yorkshire, England. The modern town lies 30 to 70 metres above sea level, on limestone cliffs. The older part of the town lies around the harbour and is protected by a rocky headland. It is served by Scarborough railway station with services from York on the North TransPennine route and Hull on the Yorkshire Coast Line.

Scarborough has a population of around 50,000, and is the largest holiday resort on the Yorkshire coast. It is home to residential communities, business, fishing and service industries plus a growing digital and creative economy.

The town has a North Bay and a South Bay. The South Bay is the main focus and contains several arcades and entertainment facilities, and is overlooked by the town itself - popular locally for its shopping and nightlife. The North Bay has traditionally been the more peaceful end of the resort and is home to Peasholm Park which has recently been granted funding to be restored to its Japanese-themed glory. The park still features a mock maritime battle (based on the Battle of the River Plate) re-enacted on the boating lake with large model boats and fireworks throughout the summer holiday season. The North Bay Railway is a miniature railway which runs from the park to the Sea Life Centre at Scalby Mills.

The North Bay is linked to the South Bay by an extensive Victorian promenade, built around the headland and soon to be home to the controversial large-scale sculpture The Wave, consisting of "21 steel members, each element a deconstructed section of a wave, which when viewed as an overall composition recreates the wave cycle". Overlooking both bays is Scarborough Castle, which was bombarded by the German warships SMS Derfflinger and SMS Von der Tann in the First World War. Both bays have popular sandy beaches and numerous rock-pools at low tide.

Slightly less well known is the South Cliff Promenade situated above the Spa and South Cliff Gardens, commanding excellent views of the South Bay and old town. Its splendid Victorian styling is still intact and the mix of quality hotels and desirable apartments form the backdrop to the ITV drama The Royal which can often be seen filming in the area. The South Bay has the largest illuminated "Star Disk" anywhere in the UK. It is 26 metres across and is fitted with subterranean lights representing the 42 brightest stars and major constellations that can be seen from Scarborough in the northern skies.

To the south west of the town, beside the York to Scarborough railway line, is an ornamental lake known as The Mere. During the 20th century, The Mere was a popular park, with rowing boats, canoes, and a miniature pirate ship - the Hispaniola - on which passengers where taken to "Treasure Island" to dig for doubloons. Since the late 1990s the emphasis has been on nature, and the lake is now part of the Oliver's Mount Country Park

Content taken from Wikipedia

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